#materialscience

Research, development and commercial applications of advanced flexible materials.

Recent Articles

Outlook for Wearables and Smart Textiles

In Brief

Advances in smart electronics have already produced a number of devices that are currently on the market. Textile manufacturers brought sensor-based smart wearables to the market, mainly for collection of bio-data (heart rate, body temperature, etc.) and use in workplace safety. 

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What's the next step in Fighting Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria? Nanotechnology

In Brief

Over the last hundred years, antibiotics have been central to the extraordinary rate of improvement in medical technology. From swiftly curing basic infections to raising the rate of survival after invasive surgical procedures, they have given humanity superior life expectancy and overall health today than at any point in the history of civilization. As many know, however, excessive and improper prescription of antibiotics to treat illness has led to the appearance of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. In the search for novel approaches to fighting this bacteria, nanotechnology has come into increasing use.

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Technical Textiles in Bioprocessing Today

In Brief

By definition, technical textiles are materials and products manufactured primarily for their technical and performance properties rather than their aesthetic or decorative characteristics.  In the medical field, they incorporate current materials and technologies, such as synthetic fibers, with traditional medical devices and applications to create a new category of beneficial products. Today, cell-based therapies are emerging as a promising strategy to treat genetic, degenerative, and immunological disease. This innovation in medical science relies on next-generation technology to produce them in a safe and cost-effective manner.

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Polymer Basics for Polyvinyl Chloride


Abstract

Polyvinyl chloride is the most widely used plastic material in medical applications. It has a low cost, is easy to process, and can be tailored to yield the desired properties. Often times PVC by itself is not very useful, however heat stabilizers, plasticizers, and various polymers can be added so that the material gains a diverse range of properties from rigid to flexible. Polyvinyl chloride is used in different medical applications such as dialysis bags, surgical drapes, blister packaging, and oxygen face masks.
 
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Polymer Basics for Polyurethane


Abstract

Polyurethanes are polymers made up of long chains, with the base monomer being composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen. There are various types of polyurethanes, with each individual type yielding different properties. Polyurethanes may come in the form of rigid or flexible foams, adhesives, coatings, or as a thermoplastic polyurethane.  Overall, polyurethanes have excellent toughness, clarity, low-temperature flexibility, and are biocompatible. Polyurethanes are used in applications such as blood bags, pacemaker leads, body and limb prosthesis, and acetabular cups.
 
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